Hans Agriculture Machinery Limited

Rice is the seed of two grass species: Oryza sativa (Asian rice) and Oryza glaberrima (African rice). Although there are two species, there are over 40,000 varieties found across the world. Long grain, Basmati, wild, and jasmine are just some of the popular types of rice. 95% of the world’s rice is eaten by humans and over half of the world’s population is dependent on rice as a staple food. Rice is cooked by boiling and can be eaten on its own, but it is typically eaten alongside main dishes. The countries that consume the most  rice are China, India, Indonesia, and Bangladesh. To find out the countries that are the Largest Rice-Producing Countries producers of rice, read on below:

Largest Rice-Producing Countries

Rank Country Rice production in million metric tones in 2018/19
1 China 148.5
2 India 116.42
3 Indonesia 36.70
4 Bangladesh 34.91
5 Vietnam 27.77
6 Thailand 20.34
7 Burma 13.2
8 Philippines 11.73
9 Japan 7.66
10 Brazil 7.14

1. China

China 1st and one of the the Largest Rice-Producing Countries of rice. It is also the first country in the world to successfully produce hybrid rice, bred from two different types of plants. In 2018/2019, China produced over 148 million metric tons of milled rice. The crop primarily grows in provinces such as Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, and Sichuan by the Yangtze River, where almost 95% of China’s rice is grown using traditional methods.  Due to a number of factors such as climate change, scarcity of labor, and the overuse of chemicals and fertilizers, the Chinese government and officials will need to establish more sustainable and productive methods for rice farming. Approximately 65% of China’s population consumes rice as a staple food.

2. India

India is 2nd Largest Rice-Producing Countries in the World, In 2018/19, the total rice production of India exceeded 116 million metric tons. West Bengal is the largest rice producing state in India. In 2016, the state produced 15.75 million tons of rice over a cultivable area of 5.46 million hectares. India is the world’s leading exporter of Basmati rice, with 4.4 million tons exported in 2018-19. It is also the second-largest rice consuming country, with an estimated 100 million metric tons of rice consumed each year. Over 65% of the Indian population eat rice and rice production is the main source of income and employment for over 50 million people.


3. Indonesia

Indonesia is the world’s third-largest producer of rice. The production of the seed mostly takes place on the islands of Java and Sumatra, with nearly 60% of the production coming from Sumatra alone. Rice is grown by approximately 77% of all farmers, who typically use a sickle or knife to harvest the crops. In 2018/19, Indonesia produced 36.70 million metric tons of rice. Rice is produced by smallholder farmers rather than state-owned enterprises – 90% of Indonesia’s rice production comes from smallholder farms.

Rice farm indonesia

4. Bangladesh 

Bangladesh’s milled rice production in 2018/19 was estimated at 34.91 million tones. The grain is the staple food for approximately 135 million people across the country and the rice sector contributes to half of the country’s agricultural GDP and one-sixth of Bangladesh’s national income. Bangladesh exports its rice to countries all around the world; in 2017, Sri Lanka purchased 50,000 tones. The regions of Aman, Boro and Aus is where the majority of Bangladesh’s rice is grown. 

5. Vietnam

Vietnam is one of the Largest Rice-Producing Countries in the world. The crop is grown in the rich deltas of the Mekong and Red River in the north and south of the country. 80% of the people who live in the provinces around the Mekong Delta are involved in rice cultivation. Around 82% of Vietnam’s arable land is used to cultivate rice, and in 2018/19, Vietnam produced 27.77 million metric tons of rice and exported 6.6 million metric tons to the Philippines, China and some countries in Africa.

vietnam-rice Farmer

6. Thailand

Rice is grown in all provinces in Thailand. Thailand is famous for growing jasmine rice, which is popular across the world for its stickiness and its popcorn aroma. The country exports around 100,000 tons of its rice to Japan who use it to make crackers and wine. Thailand expects to export between 7-8 million tones of rice in 2020. The production of rice contributed to around 15% of Thailand’s agricultural GDP. In 2018/19, the country produced 20.34 million metric tons of milled rice.



  • China, India, and Indonesia are the top three rice producing countries in the world.
  • In 2018 and 2019, China produced over 148 million metric tons of milled rice.
  • During the years 2015-2016, the total rice production of India exceeded 104 million tons. West Bengal is the largest rice producing state in India.
  • Rice is grown in all provinces in Thailand. In 2016, the Chaopraya basin produced approximately 3.78 million tones of rice.

rice, (Oryza sativa), edible starchy cereal grain and the grass plant (family Poaceae) by which it is produced. Roughly one-half of the world population, including virtually all of East and Southeast Asia, is wholly dependent upon rice as a staple food; 95 percent of the world’s rice crop is eaten by humans. Rice is cooked by boiling, or it can be ground into a flour. It is eaten alone and in a great variety of soups, side dishes, and main dishes in Asian, Middle Eastern, and many other cuisines. Other products in which rice is used are breakfast cereals, noodles, and such alcoholic beverages as Japanese sake.

World Rice Production 2020/2021

Jan 2021

This month the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that the World Rice Production 2020/2021 will be 503.17 million metric tons, around 1.97 million tons more than previous month’s projection.

Rice Production last year (*) was 496.40 million tons. This year’s 503.17 estimated millions tons could represent an increase of 6.77 million tons or 1.36% in rice production around the globe.

Rice Production by Country

(Values in Metric Tons)

  • China: 148,300,000
  • India: 120,000,000
  • Bangladesh: 35,300,000
  • Indonesia: 34,900,000
  • Vietnam: 27,100,000
  • Thailand: 18,600,000
  • Burma: 12,900,000
  • Philippines: 12,000,000
  • Japan: 7,620,000
  • Pakistan: 7,600,000
  • Brazil: 7,480,000
  • United States: 7,226,000
  • Cambodia: 5,840,000
  • Nigeria: 5,040,000
  • Egypt: 4,000,000
  • Nepal: 3,696,000
  • Korea, South: 3,507,000
  • Sri Lanka: 3,038,000
  • Madagascar: 2,560,000
  • Tanzania: 2,310,000
  • Peru: 2,200,000
  • Mali: 2,150,000
  • Laos: 2,000,000
  • Iran: 2,000,000
  • European Union: 1,975,000
  • Colombia: 1,900,000
  • Malaysia: 1,825,000
  • Guinea: 1,716,000
  • Cote d’Ivoire: 1,400,000
  • Korea, North: 1,360,000
  • Taiwan: 1,225,000
  • Uruguay: 879,000
  • Ecuador: 873,000
  • Argentina: 819,000
  • Sierra Leone: 819,000
  • Senegal: 789,000
  • Russia: 741,000
  • Guyana: 712,000
  • Paraguay: 670,000
  • Dominican Republic: 650,000
  • Australia: 605,000
  • Turkey: 591,000
  • Ghana: 575,000
  • Kazakhstan: 350,000
  • Bolivia: 345,000
  • Afghanistan: 343,000
  • Mozambique: 299,000
  • Nicaragua: 272,000
  • Iraq: 266,000
  • Burkina: 260,000
  • Cuba: 255,000
  • Congo (Kinshasa): 252,000
  • Cameroon: 230,000
  • Mauritania: 225,000
  • Panama: 193,000
  • Mexico: 193,000
  • Suriname: 183,000
  • Benin: 179,000
  • Liberia: 170,000
  • Uganda: 166,000
  • Chad: 156,000
  • Uzbekistan: 150,000
  • Venezuela: 130,000
  • Guinea-Bissau: 121,000
  • Chile: 111,000
  • Costa Rica: 95,000
  • Ethiopia: 91,000
  • Togo: 91,000
  • Turkmenistan: 85,000
  • Kenya: 80,000
  • Niger: 75,000
  • Haiti: 70,000
  • Honduras: 59,000
  • Morocco: 42,000
  • Angola: 38,000
  • Ukraine: 38,000
  • Gambia, The: 18,000
  • Guatemala: 18,000
  • El Salvador: 16,000
  • Azerbaijan: 8,000
  • Brunei: 1,000
  • Somalia: 1,000
  • Trinidad and Tobago: 1,000

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